By pressing certain key combinations, you can vày things that normally need a mouse, trackpad, or other input đầu vào device.

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To use a keyboard shortcut,press and hold one or more modifier keys & then press the last key of the shortcut. For example, to use Command-C (copy), press & hold the Command key, then the C key, then release both keys. Mac menus and keyboards often use symbols for certain keys, including modifier keys:

Caps Lock ⇪Fn

On keyboards made for Windows PCs, use the alt key instead of Option, và the Windows hình ảnh sản phẩm key instead of Command.Some keys on some hãng keyboards have special symbols and functions, such as for display brightness

, keyboard brightness
,and more. If these functions aren"t available on your keyboard, you might be able to reproduce some of them bycreating your own keyboard shortcuts.To use these keys as F1, F2, F3, or other standard function keys, combine them with the Fn key.

You might need to lớn press và hold some of these shortcuts for slightly longer than other shortcuts. This helps you khổng lồ avoid using them unintentionally.

Power button:Press to lớn turn on your Mac or wake it from sleep.Press and hold for 1.5 seconds to put your Mac to sleep.* Continue holding toforce your Mac lớn turn off.Option–Command–Power button* orOption–Command–Media Eject: Put your Mac khổng lồ sleep.Control–Shift–Power button*orControl–Shift–Media Eject:Put your displays khổng lồ sleep.Control–Powerbutton*orControl–Media Eject:Display a dialog asking whether you want khổng lồ restart, sleep, or shut down.

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Control–Command–Powerbutton:* Force your Mac to lớn restart, without prompting to lớn save any mở cửa and unsaved documents.Control–Command–Media Eject:Quit all apps, then restart your Mac. If any open documents have unsaved changes, you will be asked whether you want to lớn save them.Control–Option–Command–Powerbutton*orControl–Option–Command–Media Eject:Quit all apps, then shut down your Mac. If any open documents have unsaved changes, you will be asked whether you want lớn save them.Control-Command-Q: Immediately lock your screen.Shift-Command-Q:Log out of your macOS user account. You will be asked to lớn confirm. Khổng lồ log out immediately without confirming, pressOption-Shift-Command-Q.

* Does not apply to lớn theTouch ID sensor.